ERIC Number: ED389899
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-May
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluating Job Training Programs in the United States: Evidence and Explanations. Technical Assistance Report.
Grubb, W. Norton
Recent studies of the effectiveness of the following types of job training programs were reviewed: mainstream job training (Comprehensive Employment and Training Act and Job Training Partnership Act programs); welfare-to-work; experimental; job training for specific population groups; and specific services. Special attention was paid to the patterns of benefits over time, variability in program effectiveness, and the costs/benefits of job training. The following factors were considered as alternative explanations for the modest effects of job training: small programs yielding small effects; the mistaken strategy of job training; poor quality of job-related training; deep ignorance of good pedagogy; local political interference; low placement rates; "oneshot" job training and the links to other programs; labor market factors; special problems of youth programs; and the impossibility of "second-chance" programs. The following elements included in the 1994 School-to-Work Opportunities Act were concluded to provide a vision for guiding job training programs: inclusion of academic instruction, vocational skills training integrated with academic (or remedial) instruction, and work-based education coordinated with instruction through "connecting activities"; connection of all programs in a hierarchy of education and training opportunities; and use of applied teaching methods and team teaching strategies. (Included are 27 tables/figures. Contains 83 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Cost Effectiveness, Education Work Relationship, Educational Quality, Educational Strategies, Evaluation Methods, Federal Programs, Job Training, Literature Reviews, Outcomes of Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Program Improvement, Success, Tables (Data), Vocational Education
NCRVE Materials Distribution Service, 46 Horrabin Hall, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455 (order no. MDS-1047: $12).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.
Identifiers: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act; Job Training Partnership Act 1982; School to Work Opportunities Act 1994; Second Chance Programs; Welfare to Work Programs
Note: Originally prepared for the Training Policy and Programme Development Branch, International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland.