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ERIC Number: ED389899
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-May
Pages: 146
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluating Job Training Programs in the United States: Evidence and Explanations. Technical Assistance Report.
Grubb, W. Norton
Recent studies of the effectiveness of the following types of job training programs were reviewed: mainstream job training (Comprehensive Employment and Training Act and Job Training Partnership Act programs); welfare-to-work; experimental; job training for specific population groups; and specific services. Special attention was paid to the patterns of benefits over time, variability in program effectiveness, and the costs/benefits of job training. The following factors were considered as alternative explanations for the modest effects of job training: small programs yielding small effects; the mistaken strategy of job training; poor quality of job-related training; deep ignorance of good pedagogy; local political interference; low placement rates; "oneshot" job training and the links to other programs; labor market factors; special problems of youth programs; and the impossibility of "second-chance" programs. The following elements included in the 1994 School-to-Work Opportunities Act were concluded to provide a vision for guiding job training programs: inclusion of academic instruction, vocational skills training integrated with academic (or remedial) instruction, and work-based education coordinated with instruction through "connecting activities"; connection of all programs in a hierarchy of education and training opportunities; and use of applied teaching methods and team teaching strategies. (Included are 27 tables/figures. Contains 83 references.) (MN)
NCRVE Materials Distribution Service, 46 Horrabin Hall, Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL 61455 (order no. MDS-1047: $12).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.
Identifiers: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act; Job Training Partnership Act 1982; School to Work Opportunities Act 1994; Second Chance Programs; Welfare to Work Programs
Note: Originally prepared for the Training Policy and Programme Development Branch, International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland.