ERIC Number: ED389857
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Current Trends in Technology Education and Vocational Training in the Former Republics of the Soviet Union.
Bannatyne, Mark W. McK.
The schools of the new republics in the former Soviet Union have begun to address the issue of reforms of technical and vocational education in order to train a technologically literate society that can meet the demands of the next century. Previously, Soviet schools failed to offer industrial arts and home economics on a universal scale. This omission was not due to lack of funds or ability. Rather, the absence of any well-defined curricula was due to the priorities that educators established as a result of the political system that existed throughout the Soviet era. Time spent in manual training and home concerns were seen as a deterrent to the classical education that required students to concentrate on the sciences, mathematics, and political ideology. In addition, Russian educational history is replete with decisions that led the population away from education in general. Beginning with Peter the Great, Russian educators struggled with the problem of creating an educated and trained population in such a large country. Russian nobility resisted the notion of having an educational system for the general population. Today, the need to reform Russia's schools is the aim of most Russian educators. Reforms that would realign the levels of expertise within trades, lengthen the years of general education, establish new curricula, and develop new courses of study have all been proposed. Educators within the educational system have begun to realize that local demands in society must be addressed and that the technical education that students have been lacking is paramount to the needs of Russia's changing society. Russian schools have returned much of the authority they once had in shaping the mind and character of students back to the home and have asked parents to become partners with them in education. Also there is a move to have schools meet more of their own financial needs by making better links with industry and business in cooperative projects, and a rebirth of new organizations whose goal is to promote the education of all classes of Russian society. (Contains 72 references.) (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Jerusalem International Technology Education Conference (2nd, Jerusalem, Israel, January 8-11, 1996).