ERIC Number: ED389782
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding of Logical Necessity in Adolescents: Developmental and Cross-Cultural Perspectives.
Sloutsky, Vladimir M.; Morris, Anne K.
Exploring whether deductive reasoning can develop adequately without special instruction, this paper presents two studies that examine the development of meta-components of deductive reasoning, first in algebra, and second in verbal reasoning. The first study examined students' understanding of logical necessity in algebraic tasks in different curricular settings, where one curriculum provided instruction with an emphasis on the meta-components of algebraic reasoning and the other did not. The study involved 120 Russian and 120 English students participated in an experimental mathematics curriculum group, and 89 Russian and 120 English students participated in the nonexperimental curriculum. Each group included younger and older adolescents. Students in the experimental curriculum had a better understanding of logical necessity and this ability tended to increase with age. Students in the nonexperimental curriculum had not developed an understanding of logical necessity. In the second study, the same subjects participated in a study of the transfer of the understanding of logical necessity to verbal reasoning. The advantage noted for those in the experimental curriculum continued into the verbal reasoning tasks. (Contains 5 figures, 5 tables, and 45 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: England; Logical Necessity; Russia
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (New York, NY, August 1995).