ERIC Number: ED389693
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Did Teachers' Verbal Ability and Race Matter in the 1960s? "Coleman" Revisited. RAND Reprints.
Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Brewer, Dominic J.
This paper reanalyzed data from the classic 1966 study "Equality of Educational Opportunity," or "Coleman Report." It addressed the issue of whether teacher characteristics, including verbal ability and race, influenced "synthetic gain scores" of students (mean test scores of upper grade students in a school minus mean test scores of lower grade students in the school), in the context of an econometric model that allow for the possibility that teacher characteristics in a school are endogenously determined. The study found that verbal aptitude scores of teachers influenced synthetic gain scores for both black and white students. Verbal aptitude mattered as much for black teachers as it did for white teachers. Finally, holding teacher characteristics other than race constant, in some specifications black teachers were associated with higher gain scores for black high school students, but lower gain scores for white elementary and secondary students. The study noted that because these findings were for American schools in the mid-1960s they could not be directly applied to contemporary experience. However, the results do raise issues that should be addressed in hiring policies in American education. (Contains 83 references.) (JB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Black Teachers, Data Analysis, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Equal Education, High School Students, High Schools, Race, Racial Differences, Research Methodology, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Characteristics, Verbal Ability, White Students, Whites
Distribution Services, RAND, 1700 Main St., P.O. Box 2138 Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA. Inst. on Education and Training.
Identifiers: Coleman Report
Note: Reprinted from "Economics of Education Review", Vol. 14, No.1, 1995, pp. 1-21.