ERIC Number: ED389454
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Quality of the Environment of the Child: Study of Cognitive Interactions in Parent-Run Preschools.
Danis, Agnes; And Others
Using observation and analysis of children's interactions with their environments, this study evaluated the quality of parent-run day care centers. Observation reduces the degree of subjectivism, respects the integrity of the child-care situation, and allows one to witness the actual effects of the environment and to observe the combined effect of multiple factors. The study focused on proximal environment defined in terms of interactions with the environment that facilitated children's discovery and understanding of their world. Environment was defined as the entire situational context in which children develop. Observations took place at four parent-run schools between January and June 1994. Observations were made from videotapes; over 44 hours of data were analyzed. Results of analyses included the following: (1) the degree of parental participation affected the degree of complexity of children's interactions with their environment; (2) children benefitted more or less from complicated interactions depending on whether they came from socioeconomically advantaged or disadvantaged backgrounds; and (3) adults' levels of interactions varied with children's age. (Contains 27 references.) (JW)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Development, Developmental Stages, Family School Relationship, Foreign Countries, Individual Development, Interpersonal Competence, Interpersonal Relationship, Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship, Parents as Teachers, Personality Development, Preschool Children, Preschool Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the European Conference on the Quality of Early Childhood Education (5th, Paris, France, September 7-9, 1995).