ERIC Number: ED389386
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Adolescents' Family Situation and Their Self-Disclosure in Interpersonal Relationships.
This study explored the links between adolescents' family situations and their self-disclosure in peer relationships. Participants were 378 pupils between 16 and 18 years of age and the same number of parents of both sexes. The parents were of different professions: 80 percent belonged to intellectual families and 20 percent to the working class. The study used Jourard's Self-Disclosure Questionnaire (1964), LaGaipa's (1981) Friendship Scale to assess measures of adolescents' and parents' degrees of self-disclosure and to determine and differentiate interpersonal relationships, and the Family Relationship Test by Anthony and Bene to assess family situation. Results suggest that: (1) family situation affects adolescents' self-disclosure in their contacts with friends; (2) parental influence is particularly significant when the disclosure of information of personal and intimate character is concerned; and (3) the main factors determining adolescents' self-disclosure in their contacts with friends are the atmosphere of mutual friendliness and frank and direct communication among family members. Contains 10 references. (DR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (61st, Indianapolis, IN, March 30-April 2, 1995).