ERIC Number: ED389189
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Jan Komensky--The Teacher of Nations. Occasional Papers, 18.
The speech, given to commemorate the tercentenary of the visit of Jan Komensky (Johann Amos Comenius--the latinised form of his name) to England, outlines the educational reforms suggested by him and chronicles his life. Komeny, born in 1652 in southeast Moravia, was personally affected throughout his life by war and disease and traveled about Europe, writing profusely about education. Komeny was interested in acquisition of native and second languages, and was a pioneer in insisting on the importance of early second language instruction. Another area of concern for him was the state of higher education, which then took as its purpose the transmitting of existing knowledge, not creation or questioning of it. He made plans for a Universal College, more diverse in composition than any other, which would enable scholars to experiment freely and exchange discoveries across national frontiers. Among his ideas about education were also these: equality of opportunity for children; equal opportunities for women; education beginning at birth; need for education for parenthood; and a number of current approaches to second language teaching and learning, including use of visual aids, direct association of language and referent, functional vocabulary, and use of concrete examples rather than abstract rules. A 25-item bibliography is included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Biographies, Change Strategies, College Role, Educational Change, Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Educational Research, Epistemology, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Language Role, Parent Role, Second Language Instruction, Second Languages, Womens Education
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southampton Univ. (England). Centre for Language Education.
Identifiers: Comenius (Johann Amos); Europe
Note: Inaugural speech for the Southampton Comenius Centre (Southampton, England, United Kingdom, December 4, 1993).