ERIC Number: ED389146
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Using Scripts To Facilitate Communication of Children with Hearing Impairment.
Creaghead, Nancy A.
This paper discusses the oral and written communication demands of school on children with hearing loss from a script viewpoint, which emphasizes describing the role of actors, actions, props, routines, and possible variations of a given event. The paper first distinguishes among the schema, the script, and the routine. It also considers the role of the parent, teacher, speech-language pathologist, and other special educators in helping children with hearing impairments to develop strong scripts and match appropriate communication to those scripts. Examples of common preschool and school scripts and strategies for teaching the scripts and appropriate communication are provided. Such scripts include beginning the day, recess, reading group, taking tests, show and tell, following teacher directions, sharing information with the teacher, getting clarification, giving directions, and chatting with peers. Guidelines are offered for determining classroom scripts, identifying the teacher's cues for defining and activating the scripts, and determining the child's level of knowledge of the classroom scripts and associated cues. Suggested strategies for helping the child learn a script include outlining the routine with the child, brainstorming variations on the routine, specifying the cues for activating the script, role playing the script, talking through the script as it occurs, and cuing the child within the natural environment. A model for using scripts as a framework for supporting children's language development is provided. (DB)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Scripts (Knowledge Structures)
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress on Education of the Deaf (18th, Tel Aviv, Israel, July 16-20, 1995).