ERIC Number: ED389145
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Hearing Impaired Children's Retelling of Stories Following Presentation in Whole-Class and Individual Contexts.
Andrews, Stephanie; And Others
This study investigated the ability of six first graders with moderate to severe hearing impairment to recall a story using four reading presentation conditions: (1) group reading with interaction, (2) group reading without interaction, (3) individual reading with interaction, and (4) individual reading without interaction. Four books (one book for each condition) were simultaneously signed in American Sign Language and read aloud to the children. The children waited approximately 20 minutes after the stories were read and then retold them to the classroom teacher. Analysis of the videotaped retellings revealed that the group interactive reading presentation seemed to be more effective in facilitating children's recall of the story compared to the other three conditions. The group interactive condition was consistently more effective in each of the three categories assessed (number of spoken and/or signed utterances used in retelling, number of events recalled, and inclusion of primary story elements). Results are discussed in light of other research suggesting that reading to small groups of children is more effective than reading to either individual children or larger groups. (Contains 13 references.) (Author/DB)
Descriptors: American Sign Language, Deafness, Grade 1, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Hearing Impairments, Individual Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Listening Comprehension, Performance Factors, Primary Education, Reading Aloud to Others, Recall (Psychology), Small Group Instruction, Story Reading, Story Telling
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Group Size
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress on Education of the Deaf (18th, Tel Aviv, Israel, July 16-20, 1995).