ERIC Number: ED386297
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Cost, Quality and Child Outcomes in Child Care Centers. Technical Report, Public Report, and Executive Summary.
Helburn, Suzanne W., Ed.
Conducted at a time when increasing numbers of the nation's young children are in child care and when the American public is concerned about children's readiness for school, the Cost, Quality, and Child Outcomes Study provides the first comprehensive econometric and psychometric analysis of child care and children's outcomes. The study was designed to examine the relationships among the costs of child care and the nature and effects of children's child care experiences. Cost and quality data were collected through visits to 50 non-profit and 50 for-profit centers in each of four states: California, Colorado, Connecticut, and North Carolina. Trained data collectors conducted interviews with and distributed questionnaires to center directors, teachers, and parents; they also observed two randomly chosen classrooms in each center. Data were then collected on 826 children from preschool classrooms visited earlier. The study found that while child care varies widely within and between states and sectors of this industry, most child care is mediocre in quality, sufficiently poor to interfere with children's emotional and intellectual development. Market forces constrain the cost of child care and at the same time depress the quality of care provided to children. It costs somewhat more to provide good quality care than to produce poor quality care; however, higher costs are not obviously reflected in parent fees, which are relatively similar in centers of different quality. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made: (1) launch efforts to educate parents on identifying high quality programs; (2) implement higher state standards; (3) increase investments in child care staff; and (4) assure adequate financing and support of child care. (BGC)
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Costs, Day Care Centers, Day Care Effects, Early Childhood Education, Econometrics, Educational Economics, Educational Quality, Emotional Development, Intellectual Development, Organizational Effectiveness, Outcomes of Education, Program Effectiveness, School Readiness
Cost, Quality, and Child Outcomes Study, Economics Department, Campus Box 159, P.O. Box 173364, University of Colorado at Denver, Denver, CO 80217-3364 (Technical Report, $40; Executive Summary, $8; Public Report, $15. Make check payable to "Cost & Quality Study").
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Parents
Sponsor: Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; U.S. West Foundation.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; Carnegie Corp. of New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Colorado Univ., Denver. Dept. of Economics.
Identifiers: Child Care Costs
Note: Volume 1: Technical Report (392 pages); Volume 2: Public Report (85 pages); Volume 3: Executive Summary (17 pages) (Same as Chapter 15 of Volume 1). The study also received support from the William T. Grant Foundation; the JFM Foundation; and the A. L. Mailman Foundation.