ERIC Number: ED383042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Improving School Attendance: Responsibility and Challenge.
Harte, Austin J.
This document provides an overview of the student absentee problem in Canada. It extrapolates the principles and components from the vast range of intervention strategies and projects, and offers a strategy for improving school attendance. Literature on absenteeism written after 1985 demonstrates a shift of focus from the student as truant to the school as part of both the problem and the solution. Four major principles are necessary to any successful intervention--awareness, change in perspectives, early intervention, and cooperation and involvement. Components of an intervention include developing and implementing attendance policies; monitoring, tracking, and recording; getting parents involved; providing counseling and guidance; and providing relevant curriculum or alternative programs. Research shows that programs implemented as schoolwide improvements have consistently been successful in reducing attendance problems. Effective schools are student-centered and operate as: a caring institutional and functional community, a community organization, an experimenter and risk-taker, and a team. Provincial governments and school boards should provide additional resources, research opportunities, comprehensive planning, leadership in curriculum development and organization, and support for school-based initiatives. Data (half of the document) are also provided on compulsory attendance in Canada (age limits, exemptions, and enforcement--attendance offices or counselors, sanctions against parents by province/territory, sanctions against students, and limits for attending kindergarten). Six tables and a recommended reading list are included. (LMI)
Descriptors: Attendance, Attendance Patterns, Compulsory Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Intervention, School Attendance Legislation, School Holding Power, School Role
Canadian Education Association, 252 Bloor Street West, Suite 8-200, Toronto, Ontario M58 1V5, Canada ($8; $3 handling charge on all billed orders).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Canadian Education Association, Toronto (Ontario).
Note: French language version is available under title: "Pour une meilleure assiduite scolaire: Responsabilites at defis."