ERIC Number: ED382882
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: 0
Self-Directed Learning among Adults: The Challenge for Continuing Educators.
Percy, Keith; And Others
During the past 25 years, self-directed, informal, and independent learning by adults has been the subject of a significant amount of research in North America but comparatively little research in Great Britain. In the United States and Canada, "self-directed learning" has become an umbrella term that has been used by different researchers in a wide range of disciplines to describe a wide variety of phenomena. Allen Tough, who began studying self-directed learning in the 1960s, identified the tasks addressed and assistance obtained during self-teaching projects and the major reasons why adults begin and continue learning projects. Tough's work generated a massive amount of interest in the topic of adults' independent learning efforts, including the first national investigation of self-initiated learning by Penland in 1979, Brockett's 1983 study of self-directed learning among undereducated adults, and several major studies of the organizing circumstances of self-directed learning. Stephen Brookfield has been Great Britain's most prolific writer on self-directed learning. His 1980 doctoral dissertation paved the way for later qualitative and quantitative studies of self-directed learning in Great Britain. British efforts to study self-directed learning have just begun, however, and much more empirical evidence remains to be gathered. (Contains 67 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Comparative Analysis, Continuing Education, Definitions, Educational Research, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries, Independent Study, Literature Reviews, National Surveys, Nonformal Education, Participation, Theory Practice Relationship, Trend Analysis
Department of Continuing Education, Lancaster University, Storey Institute, Meeting House Lane, Lancaster LA1 1TH, England, United Kingdom (4.50 British pounds plus postage overseas).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Lifelong Learning (England).
Identifiers: Great Britain; North America; Tough (Allen)