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ERIC Number: ED382584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Rewards and Punishments of Secondary School Teachers in Turkey.
Kraska, Marie F.; Seckin, Nezahat
The purpose of this study was to investigate the rewards and disciplinary punishments received by secondary teachers in schools operating under the Ministry of National Education in Turkey. Data were collected from personnel cards of the relevant general directorates within the Ministry of National Education. Data were reduced to frequency counts and percentages for further analysis. Differences in socio-political environments may account for findings that: (1) teachers received a greater number of punishments than rewards during the period under examination (1982 through 1986), and (2) disciplinary punishments occurred more frequently in the most and least developed regions of the country. Further reflection suggested that punishments may be used more frequently than rewards because punishments rather than rewards have been historically emphasized in the teaching profession; because the criteria for rewarding teachers remains ambiguous; because rewarding is not used systematically to motivate, convince or influence teachers for educational effectiveness; and because the objective and policies of the educational system continue to remain too abstract to be used as criteria for teacher achievement. Contains five tables of data. (Author/JB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Ministry of Education (Turkey); Turkey