ERIC Number: ED382491
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Music Education in the Republic of Indonesia: A Model of Cultural Pluralism.
Goolsby, Thomas W.
Based on formal and informal observations of classrooms at all levels of government and private Islamic schools, as well as formal and informal interviews with students, teachers, administrators, and parents, this paper was the result of experiences as an Fulbright-Hays lecturer in Indonesia. The Indonesian Department of Education and Culture requested an arts educator after observing the obstacles encountered with education in a rapidly developing nation and the inevitable influences of the West. The paper describes the geographic and historical background, and government of Indonesia. Changes and development of the educational system in Indonesia are described, as are difficulties in recruiting and educating teachers, and reducing illiteracy. Traditional views of education are prevalent at all levels of the educational system. The attitudes present difficulty in motivating students to read, think critically, and demonstrate any of the higher level cognitive skills through writing exercises, all of which are Western notions of education. Schools have very few textbooks and little or no study outside the classroom. Traditional cultures and the emphasis on oral tradition have created the perception that learning is a relationship with a teacher, one that is immediate, oral, and hierarchical. Music education was identified by the government in 1972 as the medium through which Indonesia will attempt to preserve its rich and varied cultures, and the means through which it will attempt to counter the effects of Westernization. Music from the different cultures of Indonesia and a 29-item reference list conclude the paper. (DK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A