ERIC Number: ED382413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Demographic and Socioeconomic Determinants of AFDC Enrollment and Change in Enrollment in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Counties in Texas, 1980 to 1990.
Effah, Kofi B.; Murdock, Steve H.
This paper examines patterns of change in the number of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients in nonmetropolitan and metropolitan Texas counties, 1980-1990. Specifically, the paper analyzes how changes in AFDC enrollment can be explained by demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and the extent to which factors explaining AFDC usage vary in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. Data on the number of AFDC recipients for years 1980 and 1990, changes in AFDC recipients from 1980 to 1990, and percent changes in AFDC recipients from 1980 to 1990 were statistically analyzed with regard to population characteristics; work force patterns; environmental variables such as household income, poverty level, unemployment rates, and educational attainment; and accessibility (as indicated by metropolitan or nonmetropolitan status). Results indicate that population characteristics such as total size, rurality, age, race, and marital status were the most dominant variables in explaining the number of AFDC participants. However, over the 10-year period, environmental and organizational variables also played important roles in predicting changes in AFDC enrollment. It was also evident that factors significantly related to AFDC enrollment were more varied in number and conceptual bases in 1990 than in 1980, and in nonmetropolitan than in metropolitan areas. Includes numerous data tables. (LP)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Aid to Families with Dependent Children; Human Ecology; Texas
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Rural Sociological Society (Portland, OR, August 11-14, 1994).