ERIC Number: ED382367
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Overall Accuracy of Children's Awareness of Peer Perceptions.
MacDonald, Christine D.
Recent research has noted the importance of being able to correctly interpret social situations in order to respond appropriately in social interactions. This study examined whether social perception--accurate awareness of peers' perceptions--is a global trait or a context-specific ability. Specifically, the study examined individual differences in children's overall accuracy of social perception. Subjects were 175 public school students in grades 1 through 5. Each child completed three tasks evaluating same-sex classmates: positive sociometric nominations (three children you "like best"); sociometric ratings (on a six-point scale, ranging from "like very much" to "like very little"); and Revised Class Play (RCP) behavior nomination (nominating same-sex peers that best fit each of 30 behavior descriptions). To assess the children's awareness of their peers' perceptions of them, the children also were given a perspective-taking version of each of these measures, on which they indicated, for example, who might nominate them and what rating they might receive. Results of analyses indicated that older children and females scored higher on overall accuracy than other children, regardless of sociometric status or behavioral profile. There were no differences among children in their overall accuracy of social awareness based on either their sociometric status or their scores on the RCP scale. Findings suggest that social perception does not develop as a single ability, but should be examined with regard to specific domains or contexts. Contains 10 references. (Author/HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Sociometric Status
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (61st, Indianapolis, IN, March 30-April 2, 1995).