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ERIC Number: ED382314
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Encountering Problems at Home and at School: Language and Cognition in Two Settings.
Martini, Mary
This paper discusses cognitive communicative training in preschool and reports on a study of 11 Hawaiian preschoolers that examined how these children interacted with others, used language, manipulated objects, and solved problems at home and at school. The study observed the children at school and at home over a 5-month period, collecting videotape and audiotape records which were coded according to interaction setting, interaction, and communication. The study found that children interacted with adults a larger proportion of the time at home than at school, and most were not hesitant around teachers, parents, or observers. It did not find the expected split between adult and child realms in Hawaiian households. It did find that children tended to use objects in complex, goal-directed ways more frequently at home than at school, and tended to encounter and solve more problems by themselves at home than at school. Overall, the study found that the children grew up in widely diverse family settings, with no evidence for a prototypical Hawaiian family type or environment. (MDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hawaii
Note: Paper presented at the International Conference on Thinking (3rd, Honolulu, HI, 1994).