ERIC Number: ED382149
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-May
Reference Count: N/A
Academic Tenure: Its Origins, Administration, and Importance. South Carolina Commission on Higher Education Staff Position Paper.
Loope, David R.
This paper was developed in response to South Carolina House Bill 3767, which would eliminate the granting of tenure to faculty at all public, senior institutions in the state. It explores the origins and history of tenure, the attainment and retention of tenure, and the reasons why the state should continue to grant tenure at state institutions of higher education. The historical review traces tenure and the principle of academic freedom in relationship to antiquity, the medieval universities, its origins in America, attacks on professors during McCarthyism, tenure and the civil rights movement, and current controversy regarding tenure and "political correctness." A discussion on attaining and keeping tenure lists qualifications for attaining tenure at South Carolina institutions, and guidelines for evaluating and even terminating faculty with tenure. A final discussion on the importance of tenure in sustaining academic freedom and economic development focuses on the importance of academic freedom for the advancing of new and possibly unpopular ideas and for the economic development of South Carolina since, without tenure, many quality faculty would leave the state resulting in declining educational quality and the loss of grants. (Contains 23 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, Columbia.
Identifiers: South Carolina