ERIC Number: ED381964
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects: Patterns of Performance on IQ and Visual Motor Ability.
Kopera-Frye, Karen; Zielinski, Sharon
This study explored relationships between intelligence and visual motor ability and patterns of impairment of visual motor ability in children prenatally affected by alcohol. Fourteen children (mean age 8.2 years) diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and 50 children with possible fetal alcohol effects (FAE) were assessed with the Bender Visual Motor Test and a Wechsler IQ test. The group exhibited impaired performance (using Koppitz's emotional and developmental scores) relative to norms. Higher IQ predicted better visual motor performance. Performance IQ was marginally related to emotional indicators. Despite significantly lower IQs in the FAS group, both FAS and FAE groups performed equally poorly on the Bender. Examination of the types of errors made revealed distortion of shape to be the most frequently occurring error. The two diagnostic groups did not differ in types of errors made. (Contains 11 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHHS), Rockville, MD.; Centers for Disease Control (DHHS/PHS), Atlanta, GA.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle. School of Medicine.; Southern Utah Univ., Cedar City. Psychology Dept.
Identifiers: Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (61st, Indianapolis, IN, March 30-April 2, 1995).