ERIC Number: ED381893
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-May
Reference Count: N/A
Can Instructional Leaders Be Facilitative Leaders? ERIC Digest, Number 98.
Today, prevailing views of leadership suggest that the principal's role should not be to direct others but to create a school culture in which decisions are made collaboratively. Such "facilitative" leadership exercises power through others, not over them. The basic question is whether or not these two leadership styles are mutually exclusive. The development of a school mission is an example of an administrative function that combines both leadership perspectives. Principals work to achieve consensus from stakeholders about the school's vision, but must also intervene with those who hold values inconsistent with commonly shared goals. Thus, formulating a vision is a continuing dialogue, rather than a one-time event. The Digest also describes ways that a facilitative leader creates a positive learning climate, provides teacher feedback, and promotes teacher participation in curriculum and evaluation. In each task, relationships and teacher involvement are key elements. In conclusion, the evolution of facilitative approaches has not eliminated the underlying functions of instructional leadership, but today's principals are being challenged to carry out those functions in ways that are less direct and more collaborative. (LMI)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Leadership, Leadership, Leadership Styles, Participative Decision Making, School Culture, Teacher Administrator Relationship
ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403 (free; $2.50 postage and handling).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.
Identifiers: ERIC Digests