ERIC Number: ED381867
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
A Framework for Using Qualitative Research To Inform Policy-Makers and Empower Practitioners: Lessons from Madagascar.
Heneveld, Ward; Craig, Helen
National education policy reforms often do not translate into changes at the classroom level. This paper presents a conceptual framework developed for Sub-Saharan Africa to assist policy-makers in bridging the gap between school practice and national policies. It also describes how the framework was applied to current school-improvement efforts in Madagascar. The framework identified 16 school-effectiveness factors and divided them into five main categories--supporting inputs, enabling conditions, school culture and climate, and the teaching/learning process. The Madagascar Quality Study, conducted as part of a larger World Bank research effort, sought to identify the school-level factors that most influence student learning and academic persistence. The World Bank report relied on three different studies to assess the quality of primary and secondary education in Madagascar: (1) the Quality Study, a case-study analysis of 36 schools 12 at each of the primary, junior secondary, and senior secondary cycles of the system; (2) a quantitative assessment of the achievement scores of 2,874 students in 181 primary schools, conducted by the French government; and (3) a quantitative study on dropouts, conducted by the Ministry of National Education. Findings indicate that three key factors affected primary schools--school leadership, community participation, and teachers' guides/textbooks. It is recommended that improvement efforts at the primary level should focus on strengthening school leadership, providing more learning materials, and fostering community support. Other suggestions include: (1) create and sustain a positive climate for educational reform; (2) give primary and secondary education priority over higher education in budget allocations; (3) favor instructional purposes in budget allotments; and (4) invest in more and better facilities and equipment. Three figures and one table are included. The appendix contains examples and indicators of school effectiveness. Contains 11 references. (LMI)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Developing Nations, Educational Environment, Educational Policy, Educational Quality, Effective Schools Research, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education, Qualitative Research, School Effectiveness, Teacher Influence, Theory Practice Relationship
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Empowerment; Madagascar
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Congress for School Effectiveness and Improvement (Leeuwarden, Netherlands, January 3-6, 1995).