ERIC Number: ED381521
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Historical Overview of Physical Education Teacher Education Curricula in American Higher Education.
Newman, Richard E.; Miller, Michael T.
This paper reviews the history of physical education teacher education curricula in higher education in the United States, the forces that have created curriculum changes, and the development of the professional association: the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD). The paper first discusses the initial preparation of physical education teachers in the 19th century. This section begins with the first normal school of physical education in 1861 and describes the physical education movement of the 1850s and 1860s, legislation that encouraged physical education, and educational thinking of the time. The next section describes state and privately funded physical education teacher education institutions. There follows a discussion of the 1900 to 1917 period when athletics, dance, and recreation were added to the physical education curricular format. A section on state legislation describes state policies and the impact of the work of leaders in the field in the first quarter of the 20th century. The next section looks at developments during the Depression. A section on expansion in health education, recreation, and safety education between 1941 and 1949 focuses on changes in curricula. The next section looks at the physical fitness movement of the 1950's. A final section looks at research, federal legislation, specialization, and teacher supply from the 1960's through the 1980s. Contains 52 references. (JB)
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A