ERIC Number: ED381329
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Planning for Challenging Behaviors: A Method to the Madness.
Deasy, Gia S.
Student behavior problems have been found to be the most significant and frequently addressed concern of rural educators. A model was developed in response to the needs of rural educators in West Virginia for planning, documenting, implementing, and monitoring behavior plans for students with emotional and behavior problems. The first step involves forming a team of teachers who closely interact with the student, support personnel, and parents. The team interviews the teacher who has the most contact with the student and compiles lists of problematic behaviors and desirable replacement behaviors. The team then ranks behaviors according to probability of occurrence and importance. Interventions include positive reinforcement strategies, punishment, and proactive/preventive strategies. Positive reinforcer strategies such as contracts and point cards are used with students who inconsistently exhibit the desirable replacement behavior. Punishment may be used if the focus on the desirable behavior is not sufficient to deter the performance of the undesirable behavior. Most important are proactive/preventive strategies that include environmental or structural modifications that inhibit the problem behavior, and strategies such as social skills training that teach the desirable behavior. Within each category, team members determine several intervention options and begin with the least intrusive intervention feasible. Data collection and monitoring continue throughout the intervention phase. As the student meets success and positive behavior maintenance is established, the team fades the intervention and replaces it with a less intrusive option. All phases of the process provide documentation of the behavior plan and its effectiveness. If the student is receiving special education services, behavior objectives appear on the individual education plan. (LP)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: West Virginia
Note: In: Reaching to the Future: Boldly Facing Challenges in Rural Communities. Conference Proceedings of the American Council on Rural Special Education (ACRES) (Las Vegas, Nevada, March 15-18, 1995); see RC 020 016.