ERIC Number: ED381282
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Friendship among Adolescents.
A study examined youth expectations from their counterparts of the same age and sex, regarded as friends. Three different levels of friendship prevalent among 974 Polish adolescents (between 11 and 19 years of age) were compared: best friend, close friend, good friend. The research made use of "Friendship Scales" constructed by LaGaipa, which serve to examine expectations from friends. The scale consists of 28 statements and assertions forming 7 subscales or dimensions: (1) Positive Regard-Ego Reinforcement; (2) Expectations of Help-Support; (3) Similarity of Partners; (4) Admiration of Character Features (Strength of Character Admiration); (5) Self-Disclosure; (6) Authenticity-Genuineness; and (7) Empathic Understanding. The results of the study support the notion that adolescence opens up a new period in the development of social contacts (sociability) arising from the gradual dissociation with parents. The contacts mainly ripen up into friendship. The investigated adolescents expressed their social needs in relation to persons they call their friends, expecting full understanding and confidence. These needs were not homogenous, and are influenced by the period of adolescence, by gender, and by individual differences. (BAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Friendship Scale (LaGaipa); Poland; Quality of Friendship
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (61st, Indianapolis, IN, March 30-April 2, 1995).