ERIC Number: ED381228
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
In Search of the Elusive Magic Bullet: Parent Involvement and Student Outcomes.
Yap, Kim O.; Enoki, Donald Y.
A study examined the relationships between parent involvement practices and student outcomes in 10 Chapter 1 project schools in the Honolulu school district. The research on parent involvement was reviewed extensively to identify research questions and develop various instruments. Questionnaire surveys and interviews were conducted with parents, students, and staff to assess participant perceptions. Stratified random sampling was used to obtain representative samples of project schools, parents, and students, and case studies were conducted with a small number of project schools. Results indicated that all stakeholder groups have positive attitudes and beliefs regarding the values and importance of parent involvement in Chapter 1 project planning and implementation. There was, however, a relatively low level of involvement in the instructional process in general and in home-based activity in particular. Few significant relationships appeared to exist between parent involvement activities and children's school performance. Where a link was found, it generally related to home-based reinforcement provided by parents. Consistent with other studies, most of the barriers to parent involvement related to lack of time, cultural differences, language barriers, and inappropriate attitudes (in this case, the negative attitudes of teenage students). Results also indicated that a sincere and caring attitude on the part of school staff, personal contacts with parents, and meaningful activities to engage parents tended to increase parent involvement. Several recommendations for Chapter 1 programs were drawn from the results, including: (1) increase home-based parent activities to reinforce student learning; (2) develop programs to raise parents' literacy skills; (3) solicit input from parents in planning parent involvement activities; and (4) involve students in promoting family-school partnerships. (Contains 27 references and 8 tables.) (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 1; Honolulu School District HI; Program Characteristics
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (75th, New Orleans, LA, April 4-8, 1994).