ERIC Number: ED381142
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationships among Gender, Computer Experience, and Attitudes toward Computers.
Moon, Soo-Back; And Others
As computers proliferate on college campuses across the world, it becomes very important to examine college students' attitudes toward computers from a cross-cultural perspective. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among gender, computer experiences, and attitudes toward computers in Korea. Three hundred three (303) Korean undergraduate students completed a questionnaire packet which contained a personal information form, a Computer Attitude Scale, and a Computer Experience Questionnaire. Results show that gender was found to be significant only on the computer confidence scale, with male students significantly more confident about computers than female students. Students who had more computer experience expressed more positive attitudes towards computers in general, and number of computer courses completed contributed to this confidence. Students who had more experience with computer programming languages scored significantly higher on all computer attitude subscales. Word processing experience, knowledge of multiple word processing packages, and data entry skills contributed to higher confidence levels and more positive attitudes toward computers. Finally, it was discovered that attitudes toward computers and computer experiences were culture-free constructs. Seven tables illustrate results, and an appendix contains the computer experience questionnaire. (Contains 33 references.) (MAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Nashville, TN, November 9-11, 1994).