ERIC Number: ED379563
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Shock Incarceration in New York: Focus on Treatment.
Clark, Cherie L.; And Others
Shock incarceration facilities, or boot camp prisons, for young adults are being developed in city, county, state, and federal jurisdictions. This report focuses on one state's program. Two key components of this boot camp program include substance abuse education and a therapeutic approach which seeks to support successful reintegration of inmates into the community. The program emphasizes treatment as a means of promoting public safety. It seeks to build character, instill responsibility, and promote a positive self-image so that nonviolent offenders can return to society as law-abiding citizens. Discussed here are the eligibility and selection criteria for the program, staff training, phase one of the program (incarceration) and phase two (intensive community supervision), and outcomes. Evaluations of the program have reached several conclusions: (1) the program saves the state money by reducing expenditures for care and custody and by avoiding new prison construction; (2) shock incarceration graduates increase their reading and math scores by about one grade level during their 6 month confinement; and (3) return to prison rates for program graduates were lower than those who would have been eligible for the program but who did not enter shock treatment or who dropped out. Caveats about the conclusions are offered. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.
Identifiers: Incarcerated Youth; New York; Prison Reform; Shock Incarceration