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Call for Feedback: Proposed Changes to How ERIC Indicates Peer Review
Call for Feedback

ERIC proposes to expand the peer-reviewed indicator to additional materials. ยป Learn more

ERIC Number: ED375626
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
TESOL's Process Versus Product Debate.
Shannon, John
The controversy over two approaches to writing instruction in English as a Second Language (ESL), product and process orientations, is reviewed based on articles appearing in the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages' quarterly professional journal from 1982-1991. In the process-oriented approach, instructional practices emphasize the strategies that lead the writer to the processes underlying composing and discovery of meaning; product orientation focuses on the end result of the composing process. Special attention is given to 1986 criticism of the process approach by Daniel Horowitz. It is concluded that at present the status of the debate is characterized by compromise and an integrated theory of writing that includes both process and product. (MSE)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Horowitz (Daniel M); Product Approach (Writing); Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages