ERIC Number: ED374047
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Process Induction: Researching Skills Development across the Social Studies Curriculum. Middle Grades.
Peters, Richard O.
This document discusses the use of process induction and the proactive action model to teach research skills across the social studies curriculum. Process induction is the ability of an individual to transfer schema related knowledge and skills to other situations and settings, to use knowledge and process skills in new and diverse instances to solve problems and resolve conflicts. The proactive action model (PAM) can be used to nurture and enhance students' inquiry and discovery in classrooms and at field based research sites. The true value of knowledge and skills acquisition is its transferability. The transferability quality of social studies content, concepts, subject specific knowledge, and process related skills, is what makes it relevant in the lives of individuals. Students in the middle grades, typically grades 5-8, should be involved in a 4 step induction process: (1) acquisition or the accumulation of concepts, facts, and other information and skills; (2) application or using that which has been acquired to enhance learning and enrich intellectual skills development; (3) reinforcement or the continuous application of innate and acquired skills and knowledge to new situations in diverse settings; and (4) refinement or repeated application of knowledge and skills to new situations resulting in an individual's ability to demonstrate competency or proficiency at some prescribed level. The paper discusses directed learning environments, independent learning environments, and application environments, and how they may be utilized in social studies. Contains 14 references. (Author/DK)
Descriptors: Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Middle Schools, Research Skills, Skill Development, Social Studies
Thought Action Network, 6829 Roseland Dr., Corpus Christi, TX 78414.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Thought Action Network, Corpus Christi, TX.
Identifiers: Process Skills