ERIC Number: ED374035
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Perception and Misperception of Others: Social-Cognition Implications for Peace Education. Educational and Psychological Interactions. No. 115.
Blumberg, Herbert H.
This document discusses person perception or social cognition, as it affects relationships between people and nations. An important part of living together in harmony is for people to be able to perceive each other accurately, for individuals to understand one another's values, customs, goals, and resources. The need for accurate and sympathetic understanding among parties is true at the international and intercultural levels as well as interpersonally. Topics in social cognition that may be adapted for peace education include: (1) the nature and use of categories; (2) dimensional analysis of social interaction; (3) cognitive consistency; (4) prototypes and stereotypes; and (5) two-stage theories of inference-making. Additional topics, considered briefly, are: attributional analysis, biases in attributions, heuristics, and implicit personality theory. For each topic, an exercise relevant to peace education is described. Better understanding of the principles of social cognition and attendant biases can help in structuring a more peaceful and just world. Given both the challenges and opportunities in the world today the seemingly intractable conflicts in some places, and the need to nurture newly emergent democratic ideals in others, it is important to stress both prevention and cure of hostility. At least one facet of prevention of bias, and in the reinforcing of a meaningful and just peace, is to facilitate knowledge about the perceptual origins of at least some forms of bias and misunderstanding. Contains 30 references. (Author/DK)
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Interpersonal Relationship, Personality Theories, Social Cognition, Stereotypes
Department of Educational and Psychological Research, School of Education, Lund University, Box 23501, S-200 45 Malmo, Sweden.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Lund Univ., Malmo (Sweden). Dept. of Educational and Psychological Research.
Identifiers: Peace Education
Note: Supported in part by a grant from the Niwano Peace Foundation.