ERIC Number: ED374029
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Civic Attitudes of Japanese Middle School Students: Results of a Pilot Study.
Angell, Ann V.
This document reports on a civics attitudes questionnaire that was piloted for the purpose of developing psychometrically sound measures of the socio-political attitudes of Japanese middle school students and climate in Japanese middle school classrooms. Studies of Japanese education have produced mixed opinions about the civic dispositions of Japanese students, but few have addressed the relationship between schooling during the formative years of middle childhood and the socio-political outcomes typically associated with citizenship education. In order to investigate this relationship, measures of both socio-political attitudes and perceptions of classroom climate used in previous cross-national studies of civics education were translated into Japanese and administered to 143 first- and third-year middle school students. Findings supported the validity and reliability of factor based scales measuring support for free expression, cynicism towards authority, political interest, active citizenship, and expected future participation. However, follow-up interviews with teachers suggested that Japanese interpretations of key concepts such as democracy, free expression, and participation differ substantially from western conceptualizations, calling into question the viability of cross-cultural comparisons on the basis of these measures. The eight appendices include: (1) civic attitudes questionnaire; (2) tolerance for diversity scale; (3) civic attitudes questionnaire for Japanese students; (4) directions for administering the questionnaire; (5) rotated factor structure of 54 attitude items; (6) attitude items retained on 6 factor based scales; (7) summary of item weaknesses and recommendations for revision; and (8) rotated factor structure of good citizen items. (Author/DK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council for the Social Studies (Anaheim, CA, November 1990).