ERIC Number: ED373952
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Indigenous Mexican Culture and Chicana/o Education.
The Xinachtli Project, implemented by Chicano activists in Phoenix (Arizona) and El Paso (Texas), addresses the loss of ancestral culture by public school students of Mexican ancestry. The project teaches indigenous Mexican culture to students and their teachers through a series of presentations and lectures on Aztec dance, mathematics, language, and symbols. A 3-day Xinachtli program was attended by 92 middle-school students, aged 12-15. The majority were Chicana and Chicano and had had little previous exposure to education on indigenous Mexican culture. Before and 3 weeks after the program, students completed a questionnaire covering cultural knowledge, self-esteem, goals, reading preferences, and attitudes toward reading. Results indicate that the project succeeded in enhancing student reading preferences (toward culturally related materials), attitudes toward reading, and cultural knowledge. Student responses to an informal essay question favored the program and, in some cases, projected its value in a future context. In a separate survey, Phoenix teachers felt that the content conveyed by the Xinachtli Project improved student self-esteem and was also useful as a resource for multicultural education in their schools. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Aztec (People); Chicanos; Mexican Culture
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 4-8, 1994). Figures may not reproduce clearly.