ERIC Number: ED373877
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Single, African-American, Low Income Mothers' Child-Rearing Practices and Stressors and Their Relationship to Children's Prosocial Behavior and Peer Status.
Howe, Debra; Bhavnagri, Navaz Peshotan
This study examined the relationship between the stress factors affecting low-income African-American mothers' child rearing practices and their children's prosocial behavior and peer status. Thirty at-risk preschool children and their single mothers participated in the study. The Home Observation for the Measurement of the Environment for Families of Preschool Children (HOME) measure was used to examine child rearing practices, while the Parental Stress Index was used to assess the mothers' stress toward their children. Children's prosocial behavior in the classroom was observed using a scan sampling technique, and their peer status was evaluated using a picture sociometric nomination scale rating. The results indicated that there was a significant relationship between child rearing practices, such as warmth and acceptance, and children's prosocial behavior and peer status. Mothers' stressors, specifically economic and single-parent factors, were found to have a negative effect on children's prosocial behavior and peer status. (Nine appendices include copies of the HOME evaluation sheet and scores, PSI evaluation form and scores, peer behavior data, and picture sociometric nomination raw scores. Contains 40 references.) (MDM)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: African Americans; Parenting Stress Index
Note: Research Project, Wayne State University.