ERIC Number: ED373848
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Investigating Gender Influences on Coping.
Arthur, Nancy; Hiebert, Bryan
A study was conducted at Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) to investigate gender influences on coping strategies by tracking multiple episodes of demands and coping strategies throughout an academic year. The study sample consisted of 94 students enrolled in 2-year academic programs having at least a 70/30 gender ratio. From a pool of volunteer participants, equal numbers of males and females were selected in each of three age groups: direct entry (ages 18-19), mature students (age 25 and older), and other students (ages 20-24). Students' perceptions of demands, stress, and coping were assessed at four designated points during the academic year using the COPE, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Inventory of Student Demands. Study findings included the following: (1) there were no significant gender differences in types of demands reported, with both males and females reporting academic demands most frequently, followed by family and relationship demands, finances, and employment-related concerns; (2) male students made significantly more "contacts with instructors" to assist in coping with perceived demands, while females were more likely to cope through emotional expression and seeking social support; and (3) as a group, students tended to cope with their most important demand at the beginning of the term by using denial and disengagement, but at the end of the term, they tended to use acceptance. Contains 48 references. (KP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting and Exhibit of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 4-8, 1994).