ERIC Number: ED373734
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Linking Structure and Cognitive Style on Students' Performance and Attitude in a Computer-Based Hypertext Environment.
Lin, Chi-Hui; Davidson, Gayle
The implications of content organization and cognitive style in relation to the design of hypertext were studied with a focus on the effects of linking structure and field dependence and independence on performance and attitudes. Subjects were 139 undergraduates classified as field-dependent or field-independent on the basis of Group Embedded Figures Test scores. The following treatment conditions were used: (1) hypertext with linear linking structures; (2) hypertext with hierarchical linking structures; (3) hypertext with hierarchical-associative linking structures; (4) hypertext with associative linking structures; and (5) hypertext with random linking structures. Results do not support the hypotheses of interaction between linking-structure types and cognitive styles for either performance or attitude, or the main effect of linking structure on performance. Field-independent subjects outperformed field-dependent subjects overall, and they tended to have better attitudes toward the approach. It is possible that lack of support for the hypothesized relations may result from methodological rather than conceptual causes, as further study could elucidate. Five figures illustrate linking structures. (Contains 28 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Group Embedded Figures Test; Hierarchical Models; Linking Structures; Navigation (Information Systems)
Note: In: Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Presentations at the 1994 National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division (16th, Nashville, TN, February 16-20, 1994); see IR 016 784.