ERIC Number: ED373483
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr-7
Reference Count: N/A
The Integration of Students with Mental Retardation into General Education Classrooms.
Inclusion of students with disabilities, especially those with mental retardation, has come to mean the placement of all students in general education classrooms, sometimes with limited planning for the individual needs of each student. Several court cases, laws, and movements have brought about the level of inclusion that exists today. However, schools are now evolving from inclusion to integration, which involves the planned placement of students in a setting. Two circuit court cases with implications for integration include Holland versus the Board of Sacramento City Unified School District, in which four components were outlined for determining the removal of a student from general education and the Oberti case, which stated that students with disabilities should be placed in general education classes with appropriate support. The four components of the Holland case provide a framework for examining what is effective in integrating students; components include educational benefits, non-academic benefits, effect on teacher and children in the regular classroom, and cost. A case-by-case approach to integrating students into general education is needed. The established best practices of the field of mental retardation should follow students no matter where they are placed, and ongoing monitoring of student progress should occur. (Contains 45 references.) (JDD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Inclusive Schools
Note: Paper presented at the Annual International Convention of the Council for Exceptional Children (72nd, Denver, CO, April 6-10, 1994).