ERIC Number: ED373453
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
In Pursuit of Goal Six: A Statewide Initiative To Improve School Safety.
Yap, Kim O.; And Others
National Education Goal Six calls for all schools to have safe environments conducive to teaching and learning by year 2000. In 1989, the Washington State Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction initiated the School Security Enhancement Program, which provides competitive grants to school districts to develop or improve school-based security projects. During the 1991-93 biennium, the program was implemented in 15 districts across the state. This paper describes features of the program models and presents findings of a study that assessed their effectiveness. Interviews were conducted in May 1993 with 159 stakeholders at study sites (four large project sites and four small project sites) that had implemented school security programs. For each of the large sites, one high school and one middle school participated and for each small site, one high school was asked to participate. Individual participants included 19 school administrators, 21 security staff, 36 teachers, 15 custodians, 41 students, and 27 parents. Virtually all groups reported that the current school year was safer than the preceding year. A large percentage of the principals and teachers saw serious or moderate problems in trespassing, student possession of weapons, gang activities, robbery or theft, and verbal abuse of teachers. There was strong consensus among stakeholders that their program was needed. In comparison with a national survey of teachers, more Washington State teachers reported serious to moderate problems in six of eight areas, particularly robbery/theft, weapons possession, and racial tensions. It is recommended that program services be coordinated with "Omnibus Act" programs and that programs be designed within a conceptual framework that addresses the underlying causes of youth violence. (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: National Education Goals 1990; Washington
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 4-8, 1994).