ERIC Number: ED373439
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Education-Business Links in Scotland: Patterns of Partnership.
Turner, Eileen; And Others
Interchange, n24 Feb 1994
Since the mid-1970s, schemes that provide links between education and business have burgeoned in Scotland. In 1992, the Scottish Office Education Department (SOED) decided to fund a research project that aimed to map and analyze the range and complexity of education-industry links in Scotland and to suggest the most fruitful areas for future policy development. Data were derived from interviews conducted with key individuals involved in business-education links from education authorities, the Technical and Vocational Educational Initiative (TEVA), schools, and industry. Eight case studies also examined the following topics: pupil work experience, teacher placements, enterprise activity in the primary sector, education-business development in one secondary school, education-business links from the perspective of small businesses, mentoring within a Compact, the development of education-business partnerships, and the concept of "progression" in such partnerships. Findings indicate that an enormous amount of time, money, and energy went into developing education-business links in Scotland. However, interview respondents often described initiatives as being high profile and short-term. Some patterns of partnership development are as follows: (1) cycles of economic optimism and pessimism influence policy and lead to either long-term or short-term reforms; (2) education-business links have greater impact when they are part of long-term reforms; (3) the focus of business-education partnerships keeps shifting from "relevance" to "competitive excellence"; and (4) schools adopt policy to match their own values through a process of domestication and negotiation. The case studies suggest that educational practices have not changed much in Scotland. Little consensus exists about the focus or meaning of education-business links, nor is there evidence for such partnerships' effects on the economy or on learning outcomes. Some recommendations include: evaluate the long-term learning gains and economic consequences of business-education links; integrate such links into other progressions; maintain a central resource on developments in business-education links; and build research into educational development. (LMI)
Descriptors: Business Responsibility, Cooperative Education, Cooperative Programs, Corporate Support, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Partnerships in Education, School Business Relationship, Work Experience
SOED Dissemination Office, SCRE, 15 St. John Street, Edinburgh EH8 8JR, Scotland, United Kingdom.
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Scottish Office Education Dept., Edinburgh. Research and Intelligence Unit.
Authoring Institution: Scottish Council for Research in Education, Edinburgh.