ERIC Number: ED373422
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
School Finance Policy Issues in Texas.
Sparkman, William E.; Carpenter, Clint
Just 1 day before a court-imposed deadline of June 1, 1993, Texas Governor Ann Richards signed into law Senate Bill 7 (S.B. 7), the newest version of the Texas school finance system. This paper describes the state's new school finance system with regard to the following: (1) its constitutionality; (2) the provision of a system that equalizes school districts' capital outlay expenditures; (3) full funding of the equalization portion of the school finance system; and (4) the legal challenge to the adequacy of the school finance system. It also presents a historical overview of Texas school finance reform since 1984. Informed sources believe that S.B. 7 will survive constitutional scrutiny. However, the adequacy claim under the "suitable provision" portion of the education article (Texas Constitution, article VII, paragraph 1) may become a salient issue. The legislature must implement a reasonable and equitable funding mechanism for capital outlay. Perhaps the most important issue will be the availability of state revenues to fully fund the bill's equity provision. (LMI)
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Educational Equity (Finance), Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Equalization Aid, Expenditure per Student, Finance Reform, Full State Funding, School District Spending, School District Wealth, State Legislation, State School District Relationship, Tax Effort
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 4-8, 1994).