ERIC Number: ED373301
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Gender and Depression on Self-Evaluations of Performance on Academic Tasks.
Studies have shown that women have lower expectations for success than men. This paper presents the results of four hypotheses which address depression and gender differences in self-perception: (1) depressed subjects are more accurate in their self-perceptions than non-depressed subjects; (2) self-consistency tendencies can predict gender differences in self-evaluation--women should show stronger self-consistency tendencies than men; (3) on a masculine task, women remember more of the questions they answered incorrectly than do men; and (4) subjects will be more accurate when constantly monitoring their performance than when only evaluating their overall performance. For the study, 293 females and 174 males at the University of Wisconsin-Parkside filled out the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and then were presented with either a feminine, masculine, or neutral gender-typed task. Subjects had to state how well they expected to do and estimate the number of correctly answered questions. Results supported the second and third hypotheses. Significantly, women more frequently revealed low confidence when they answered a question correctly than did men. Women more frequently than men remembered the questions they answered wrong, rather than correctly answered queries, and this bias is likely to adversely affect self-evaluations. Contains 66 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Beck Depression Inventory
Note: Paper presented at the Meeting of the American Psychological Society (Washington, DC, July 1994).