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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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ERIC Number: ED372324
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Foundations of Cognitive Theory: A Concise Review.
Grider, Clint
Cognitive-learning theories hold a unique place in history: they explore the depths of the mind from the perspective of process. This paper discusses the history of cognitive-learning theories and how they grew to shape the way one perceives, organizes, stores, and retrieves information. The paper, after providing a definition and synopsis of cognitive theory and its basic concepts, turns to the theories' philosophical foundations, beginning with Plato. The psychological foundations of the functions of the mind, and the pioneering efforts of the structuralists and Wilhelm Wundt are discussed. As psychology matured, practitioners like William James and John Dewey rejected structuralism, believing it to be too narrow to understand the mind. The mind's mechanisms then underwent numerous, pivotal shifts in interpretation moving from the Gestalt viewpoint and its variations, like those introduced by Edward Tolman, to the role of motivation in learning as expounded by Kurt Lewin, to Frederic C. Bartlett's concept of schemata, to Jean Piaget's explications of cognitive growth and development, and finally, to the refinement of Piaget's theory by Jerome S. Bruner. The paper concludes with a brief description of the contributions made by other disciplines to cognitive understandings such as those advances made by the linguist Noam Chomsky, and the powerful impact of the computer on cognitive psychology. (RJM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chomsky (Noam); Cognitive Models; Cognitive Research; Gestalt Psychology; Lewin (Kurt); Piaget (Jean)