NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

ERIC Number: ED371614
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Dec
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Communicative Competence in English: Teaching about Functions.
Kitao, S. Kathleen
Doshisha Women's College, Annual Reports of Studies, v44 n1 p148-65 Dec 1993
A discussion of teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) focuses on principles and techniques for the development of one form of communicative competence, i.e., sociolinguistic competence. First, the concept of sociolinguistic competence is explained, drawing on research in this area. Sources of problems in development of second language sociolinguistic competence, particularly for Japanese students of ESL, are then discussed. These problems include: transfer of sociocultural patterns from Japanese to English; lack of linguistic control, especially for less direct expressions important to politeness in English (e.g., "I wonder if you would..."); stereotypes about English speakers' directness as it relates to politeness; and lack of explicit presentation of politeness issues in textbooks. Several techniques for teaching appropriate use of language for different functions are presented, including use of parallel expressions in Japanese and English, contrasting Japanese and English realizations of the same function, and role playing that manipulates four situational factors influencing appropriate use of expressions (interlocutors, place, time, and topic or activity). Contains 27 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Japanese People; Language Functions