ERIC Number: ED371046
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Puerto Rican Participation in Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) Programs. A Preliminary Assessment.
Cruz, Jose E.
This report presents the findings of a preliminary assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) programs, the welfare-to-work centerpiece of the Family Support Act, for moving Puerto Rican welfare recipients closer to self-sufficiency. Programs in Newark (New Jersey), New York City, and Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) are reviewed. Six focus groups involving 42 Puerto Rican welfare recipients indicated that the majority of participants are female single heads of households, over age 30, born in Puerto Rico, and predominantly Spanish-speaking. Participants were united in a dislike for welfare and a desire to work or study, but most were skeptical about the impact the Family Support Act will have, and most continued to feel discrimination on the basis of language and ethnic background and to have a sense that program operations would be impersonal and focused on program requirements rather than participant goals. Implications for implementation of JOBS programs are discussed, with attention to child-care needs, educational goals, and language barriers. Two tables present study findings. Appendixes contain a summary of a previous report on the Family Support Act, an overview of the Act, and profiles of participating organizations. (Contains 51 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Puerto Rican Coalition, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Family Support Act 1988; Focus Groups Approach; Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Program; Language Minorities; New Jersey (Newark); New York (New York); Pennsylvania (Philadelphia); Self Sufficiency