ERIC Number: ED371008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Development of an Academic Anxiety Coping Instrument.
Ottens, Allen J.; Hruby, Paula J.
This article documents the development of an instrument that would allow researchers and clinicians to assess the ways in which students differ qualitatively with respect to how they cope with the demands of evaluative situations. The Academic Anxiety Coping Scale identifies modal types of coping cognitions and behaviors that students employ palliatively and instrumentally in academically stressful circumstances to attenuate anxious arousal. The scale was administered to 215 university and community college undergraduates. Factor analysis revealed four factors: (1) emotional/physiological; (2) relaxation/letting go; (3) preparation and planning; and (4) worry. One way analysis of variance compared students on each factor, first by group (community college versus university) and then by gender. Females reported more worry than males, and conversely, males reported using more relaxation techniques than females. University students reported more preparation and planning and greater use of relaxation techniques than community college students. Seniors also reported using relaxation more than freshmen. Further research is needed to follow through on this pilot study to revise and consolidate scale items. (Contains 16 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Academic Anxiety Coping Scale; Relaxation
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 4-8, 1994).