ERIC Number: ED370870
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
The Teaching of Conflict Resolution and Nonviolence in Australian Schools: A Context for Peace Education. Peace Education Miniprints No. 53.
This paper is concerned with placing conflict resolution and nonviolent alternatives firmly at the center of peace education. A brief review of theoretical tendencies in peace education in Australia is offered, and how this is consonant with, and different from, what is actually taught in Australian schools. Some discussion also is given about the teaching of conflict resolution and nonviolent alternatives in schools in various Australian states. It could be argued that the practice of peace education in Australian schools in some ways has gone ahead of theory. Five emphases of peace education as set out in a 1984 account (Rachel Sharp) are: (1) peace through strength; (2) conflict mediation and resolution; (3) personal peace; (4) world order; and (5) the abolition of power relationships. The paper suggests that Australian educational authorities are now turning to peace education as violence in Australia is on an increasing spiral. Backlash against the Aboriginal population of Australia is described as the result of a misunderstanding of Australian High Court decisions on native land rights. Anti-racist policy and multicultural education policy in Australia are seen increasingly as synonymous, rather than multiculturalism simply being seen as celebrating cultural differences in food, costume, or music. Bringing together the traditions of conflict resolution and nonviolence training is a new direction for peace education. When conflict resolution is stripped of false associations such as compromise and splitting the difference, a clearer picture emerges of both the traditions of conflict resolution and nonviolence as life-affirming responses to violence. (DK)
Descriptors: Conflict Resolution, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Indigenous Populations, Multicultural Education, Peace, Racial Bias
Preparedness for Peace, School of Education, Box 23501, S-200 45 Malmo, Sweden.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: Lund Univ. (Sweden). Malmo School of Education.
Identifiers: Australia; Nonviolence; Peace Education