ERIC Number: ED370824
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
You Can't Get There from Here: Working Women and the Glass Ceiling.
Business and Professional Women's Foundation, Washington, DC.
Over the past two decades women and minorities have made unprecedented strides into the work force, yet discrimination due to gender and race is still a problem. The dearth of women in management is due to the "glass ceiling" phenomenon--the organizational, attitudinal, and societal barriers that effectively keep women and minorities from advancing up the career ladder. In the last 10 years, there has been only a slight increase in the representation of minorities and women in top executive positions in the nation's largest 1000 companies. The glass ceiling also exists in the world of academia. Although the number of female professors in the U.S. has increased since the early 1970s, their proportion of the total faculty has remained relatively constant. Barriers also limit women's advancement in the public sector. Few women serve in Congress, although the situation is somewhat better in state government. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 and the Equal Remedies Act were designed to overcome some of the glass ceiling problems. Enforcement remains inadequate, as the lack of sanctions issued under the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs' Glass Ceiling Initiative demonstrates. Women can no longer ignore workplace discrimination. They must strive for even handed opportunities and recognition for everyone. (LBG)
Descriptors: Employed Women, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Futures (of Society), Sex Bias, Sex Discrimination, Social Change
Business and Professional Women's Foundation, 2012 Massachusetts, Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20036.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Business and Professional Women's Foundation, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Glass Ceiling