ERIC Number: ED370668
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
GAIN Family Life and Child Care Study. Final Report.
Gilbert, Neil; And Others
This longitudinal study examined the California Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) program, which mandated that recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) work, prepare for work, or attend school after their youngest child reached 6 years of age. Interviews with 255 single AFDC mothers with one or more children under the age of 13 were conducted. Data were collected before individuals began participation in GAIN, and 3 and 12 months after they started a GAIN activity. Questions focused on: (1) what participants expected and achieved from the program in educational and employment outcomes; (2) how they managed the dual roles of parent and provider; (3) what child care they sought for their children; (4) how adequate they judged their child care to be; and (5) how family conflicts and child care affected their work and educational behavior. Findings suggested that the capacity of the GAIN program to force welfare recipients to work or prepare for work was limited, and that even among those recipients who were motivated to improve their prospects for economic independence, the transition from welfare to work was not rapid. Results also showed that the Family Support Act, part of the AFDC reform act, did not address the fundamental problem of providing high-quality child care at affordable prices, a problem which was frequently cited by GAIN participants. An appendix describes the study methodology. A separately published "executive summary" has been appended. (MM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. School of Social Welfare.
Identifiers: Aid to Families with Dependent Children; California; Child Care Needs; Greater Avenues for Independence; Self Sufficiency; Welfare to Work Programs