ERIC Number: ED370392
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Demonstrating Miscommunication Problems Between American and Japanese Businessmen Through Video.
This paper discusses common miscommunication problems that occur between Japanese and Americans, even when both are speaking Japanese, with a focus on high contextuality and women's position in business organizations. It also examines how these cultural differences can be addressed through the use of videotaped conversations. One of the preeminent features of the Japanese language is that items obvious to conversants are not stated. The subject and direct object of a sentence are often omitted, even in written communication, making it difficult for non-native speakers to comprehend the exact meaning. Context, expectations, and gestures also play important roles in conversation. Women in Japanese corporations are still largely relegated to secretarial and receptionist roles, even if they possess university degrees, despite the passage of equal employment legislation. Japanese businessmen tend to consider women fit only for subordinate positions, and attitudes toward sexual harassment and discrimination are fairly lax. Other cultural and language differences between Japan and the United States are also examined. (MDM)
Descriptors: Communication Problems, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, English, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Relationship, Japanese, Language Attitudes, Language Patterns, Languages for Special Purposes, Second Language Instruction, Sex Bias, Sex Differences, Stereotypes, Videotape Recordings, Work Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Japan; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Eastern Michigan University Conference on Languages and Communication for World Business and the Professions (12th, Ypsilanti, MI, March 31-April 3, 1993).