ERIC Number: ED370376
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Hidden Expectations: Faculty Perceptions of SLA and ESL Writing Competence.
Russikoff, Karen A.
Problems inherent in the holistic scoring of essay examinations written by limited-English-speakers are examined, particularly in the context of one California state college in which English writing skills, holistically assessed, are required for graduation. These problems include lack of interrater reliability, raters' perceptions of their role, a reductive approach to scoring, imprecise criteria for scoring, confusion between inaccurate and non-standard structures, and clear prejudice based on the fact that the examinee was a student of English as a Second Language (ESL). A 1993 study of 392 faculty investigated teacher expectations of student writing in upper-and lower-division courses, including criteria for judging ESL student writing and beliefs about ESL student work in academic classes. Most respondents felt non-native speakers of English should meet the same criteria for English writing skills as native speakers, and declared that they graded ESL writers as they would native speakers. Implications are drawn in these areas: faculty awareness of different perceptions of writing proficiency; assessing student opportunities for learning; classroom teaching techniques; faculty cooperation on behalf of individual students; and both fairness and rigor in testing. Contains 25 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: Case Studies, College Faculty, College Instruction, Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), Essays, Evaluation Criteria, Grading, Graduation Requirements, Higher Education, Holistic Approach, Interrater Reliability, Limited English Speaking, Native Speakers, State Universities, Teacher Attitudes, Testing, Testing Problems, Writing Evaluation
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (28th, Baltimore, MD, March 8-12, 1994).