ERIC Number: ED370277
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993
Reference Count: N/A
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effects in Child Development.
Pancratz, Diane R.
This literature review defines Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) and considers their causes, diagnoses, prevalence, and educational ramifications. Effects of alcohol during each of the trimesters of pregnancy are summarized. Specific diagnostic characteristics of FAS are listed: (1) growth deficiency, (2) a characteristic pattern of facial features and physical abnormalities, and (3) central nervous system dysfunction and neurobehavioral dysfunction. Various prevalence data are given, including estimates of the Centers for Disease Control that FAS may be present in 0.3-0.9 per 10,000 births, with higher rates for Native Americans, Blacks, and people of low socioeconomic status. Common behavioral problems of children affected by FAS are summarized. The common presence of academic problems in cases of FAS or FAE is noted, and the importance of and difficulties in providing early identification and intervention services are discussed. (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Early Identification